PROJECT PROPOSAL II
Title: Pilot Project to Combat the Trafficking
of Children for Commercial Sexual Exploitation in Source Areas.
Project Area: A village
in a source district
Project Period: One year
Budget: Rs. 6,77,000 (Rural) and Rs. 7,01,000
(Please see Annexure for details)
Poverty stricken areas, drought prone areas,
famine affected areas and those reeling under the force of natural calamities
are major source areas for recruitment of women and children for the purpose of
commercial sexual exploitation. On the one hand, these dire conditions force
parents to sell their children knowingly and on the other, these circumstances
make parents and their children more vulnerable to the false promises and
allurements offered by recruiters and accompany them unknowingly.
Objectives of the Project:
This project aims to test the efficacy of
certain approaches and methods to combat trafficking and sexual abuse of
children in small pilot areas. The lessons learnt from this project could then
be replicated and upscaled for a wider outreach.
Components of the Project:
A project in a source village has to
the vulnerability of the community as well as of the girl child. Community
empowerment would comprise of awareness generation and social alertness,
poverty alleviation schemes, micro credit schemes through women's' groups and
self help groups and involvement of panchayati institutions. Girl
child empowerment would cater to education and vocational training.
Another aspect of prevention is the actual intervention in the cases of high
risk groups. This task can be facilitated by networking with the police,
local NGOs and women's groups to get information about traffickers and the
The last component will be the
rehabilitation and reintegration of rescued victims into society.
Awareness Generation and social alertness
In most cases, victims are given a false
allurement of jobs or marriage i.e. living conditions better than those at home.
It is imperative to disseminate awareness as to how such channels lead to
trafficking for sexual exploitation. Awareness might encourage social alertness.
Moreover, there is an urgent need to educate the community about HIV/AIDS. The
knowledge of the risk and consequences of HIV/AIDS needs to be disseminated
in order to curb the spread of the disease as well as to act as a deterrent to
For the widest possible reach in the
community, we have to contact all types of target groups who will then fan out
into the community to spread the message. These primary target groups could be
students in both schools as well as colleges, teachers, youth clubs, women's
groups, community based organizations (CBOs), social leaders, elected
representatives, successful and famous individuals from that community etc.
Modes of Awareness Generation
The modes of interaction with the above groups
for awareness generation could be discussion, Peer education, rally, signature
campaign, posters, booklets, wall paper, handbills, street theatre, puppetry,
radio, local newspapers etc.
Poverty Alleviation Schemes
The economic factor is the major push factor
in this area. Therefore, there is the need to make the people aware of the
schemes for which they are eligible and to facilitate the implementation.
Micro Credit Schemes through women's Groups
and self help groups
Given the number of people to be covered, it
is quite possible that state schemes could fall short of resources. Here micro
credit schemes could play an important role in economic self-sufficiency. A
small e fund could be the building block for economic self-sufficiency.
Involving the Panchayati Raj Institutions
Panchayats are people's bodies. Hence
involving them would enhance the acceptability of the project to the local
population as well as facilitate coordination between various components.
GIRL CHILD EMPOWERMENT
The incidence of illiteracy is very high among
trafficked children. Lack of education implies lack of opportunities for higher
skill formation. Hence, illiteracy compounds the vulnerability of the child. The
way to tackle this factor would be education for the girl child.
This component of the project would have three
Persuading parents to send their daughters to
Running NFE centers for those whose age or any
other factor bars them from joining mainstream schools directly. However, the
ultimate goal should be mainstreaming of these children too.
Motivating teachers to work towards retaining
their students in school, thereby lowering the number of school dropouts.
Vocational Training and Life Skill
Education for the Adolescent to earn a Living
Economic vulnerability is a common factor
among all these communities, which support the tradition of child CSE.
Therefore, the project envisages vocational training for the adolescents. Vocational training could be carried out in
the NFE centers run by NGOs. The skills in which the adolescents are to be
trained could be of three kinds:
Modernized version of any traditional skill or
art in the area
Skills for setting up a small scale Industry
Those, which have a market in the service
sector, the sector with perhaps the highest employment generation potential
The last and the most crucial phase of any
kind of vocational training is the actual placement of the individual in the
market. To raise the market value of traditional art forms, linkages would be
required with young designers and marketing networks. Skills for small-scale
Industries would require micro credit for setting up the establishment.
Parallel to community
empowerment and girl child empowerment, there is the need to form a network of
police, local NGOs and women's groups to get information about traffickers and
their chain. This network could also spot individual children at risk and come
to the aid in the village.
REINTEGRATION OF RESCUED VICTIMS
Rescue efforts in
destination areas would Invariably send back victims to source areas. Therefore,
their reintegration Into society is as important as prevention of potential
victims. Rehabilitation comprises of two aspects-psychological and economical.
This would imply trauma
counseling for the victim as well as family concern for the victim's family.
Counseling would be required to address both.
reintegration, the victim has to be taught to be financially independent because
poverty is the main push factor in these areas. The same vocational training as
has been identified for the girl child can be given to the rescued victim.
However, and additional entrepreneurial support would be necessary to truly
The victims would need
a temporary shelter for the transition period before reintegration. At this
stage the NGO has to provide a short stay home.
The detailed break-up
of the budget into various components is NGO specific. The ratio between
activity expenses and infrastructure expenses will depend upon the staff and
infrastructure support already available to the organization. Similarly, the
break-up of the activity expenses will depend upon the creativity of the NGO.
Hence, this can be worked out only by discussions with the specific NGO.
However, an estimate has been annexed.
□ Cost of
is equally Important as the girl child because the condition of the community is
the push factor, Linkages with NGOs working with community development, micro
credit, women's empowerment etc is crucial.